The GL model is multi-dynamic


  • individual elements have multiple layers and therefore could impact on an individual, a group, a class or the whole school

  • individual elements can effect other elements in the same group of elements as well as elements in other groups.  


For example, an approach developing the skills of cognitive empathy of individuals, will not only benefit the a 10 year old student, but also the friendship and learning groups that they are in.  The skills development of cognitive empathy will enhance the interactions of the grade and also the school.  With enhanced cognitive empathy then enabled students will be more aware of the host culture (an element in outcomes), be more capable of giving peer feedback to another student (an element in external controls), to perform more effectively in a collaborative team (an element in institutional effects) and have a greater resource in terms of creativity (an element in personal standards).


To understand the development of the GL model (click here) and to understand how the GL model could be used (click here).


Below you will find first the GL model containing the groupings of elements and then under this the GL model with the various elements in each group.

click on links below

To find further information about the various elements from each of the groups of external controls, personal standards, institutional effects and outcomes, please click on the individual element shown in the full GL model below.

 institutional effects 

click on links above

click on links below

click on links below


"striving for EXCELLENCE by ENGAGING minds, EXCITING learners, acting ETHICALLY and showing EMPATHY"

© 2014 by Ian Piper and Adam Sawyer.  All rights reserved.

Proudly created with the staff of Danube International School Vienna and with feedback from the international school community

Josef-Galle Gasse 2, 1020, Vienna, Austria

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Our goal in publishing our GL model is to influence the discussion regarding what is a good school to the core idea of learning.  We give permission for individuals and educational institutions to use the information found on this website for non-commerical research and educational use only, provided that the source is and authors are clearly cited.  We do not give permission for the ideas and content created on this website to be used for commercial purposes.